Ricardo Martínez-García, ICTP-South American Institute for Fundamental Research
From Greg McCracken
This recording is in the process of being subtitled. We aim to have edited captions available within 2 weeks of publishing.
Title: The role of nonlocal competition in ecological systems: from pattern formation to biodiversity maintenance.
Abstract: From microbial colonies to entire landscapes, biological systems often self-organize into regular spatial patterns, which might have significant ecological consequences. Several models have been proposed to explain the emergence of these patterns. Most of them rely on a Turing-like activation-inhibition scale-dependent feedback whereby interactions favoring growth dominate at short distances and inhibitory, competitive interactions dominate in the long-range. However, the importance of short-range positive interactions for pattern formation remains disputable. Alternative theories predict their emergence from long-range inhibition alone. In this presentation, I will explain how self-organized patterns might emerge in purely competitive models. I will first present in which conditions long-range competition alone can generate regular patterns of population density in systems with one and two species. Then, I will discuss the ecological implications of those patterns both for population persistence and species coexistence.