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Name: Takashi Owada

Talk Title: Convergence of persistence diagram in the subcritical regime

Abstract: The objective of this paper is to examine the asymptotic behavior of persistence diagrams associated with \v{C}ech filtration. A persistence diagram is a graphical descriptor of a topological and algebraic structure of geometric objects. We consider \v{C}ech filtration over a scaled random sample $r_n^{-1}\mathcal X_n = \{ r_n^{-1}X_1,\dots, r_n^{-1}X_n \}$, such that $r_n\to 0$ as $n\to\infty$. We treat persistence diagrams as a point process and establish their limit theorems in the subcritical regime: $nr_n^d\to0$, $n\to\infty$. In this setting, we show that the asymptotics of the $k$th persistence diagram depends on the limit value of the sequence $n^{k+2}r_n^{d(k+1)}$. If $n^{k+2}r_n^{d(k+1)} \to \infty$, the scaled persistence diagram converges to a deterministic Radon measure almost surely in the vague metric. If $r_n$ decays faster so that $n^{k+2}r_n^{d(k+1)} \to c\in (0,\infty)$, the persistence diagram weakly converges to a limiting point process without normalization. Finally, if $n^{k+2}r_n^{d(k+1)} \to 0$, the sequence of probability distributions of a persistence diagram should be normalized, and the resulting convergence will be treated in terms of the $\mathcal M_0$-topology.

This talk is a contributed talk at EVA 2021. View the programme here.