This video introduces and defines scalar real random variables, covering
the sample/state space, probability of outcomes, and mapping to the
real axis. Some simple examples are presented. The video then motivates
the probability set function by considering the axiomatic interval of
the random variable taking on a value less than or equal to a specific
value. It also demonstrates using the Kolmogorov's axioms and set
theory, it is possible to determine the probability of being within an
interval. In the limit, it is demonstrated that the gradient of the
cumulative distribution function is important, which leads to the
probability density function. This video sets the foundations for the
rest of this Chapter and indeed course.
PGEE11164 Probability, Estimation Theory, and Random Signals Lectures -- School of Engineering, University of Edinburgh. Copyright James R. Hopgood and University of Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom (UK). 2020.
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